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Liability Insurance Coverage: What Is It and What Does It Cover?

By the Mercury Team

Liability insurance is a critical component of auto insurance that helps protect you financially if you get into an accident. In this blog, we’ll go over what this type of insurance is, its coverage limits, and what it covers and doesn’t cover.

What Is Auto Liability Insurance?

Liability car insurance protects you financially if you’re found legally responsible for causing injury to another person or their property in an auto accident. Generally, liability coverage is an essential component of auto insurance that can help cover the other party’s medical expenses or auto repair bills. While there are different car insurance requirements by state, most states require drivers to carry liability coverage on their auto insurance policies.

What Does Liability Insurance Cover?

There are two categories of damages that liability insurance covers — bodily injury liability (BI) and property damage liability (PD). Liability insurance also provides the insured person a legal defense against a lawsuit alleging bodily injury or property damage from an accident.

  • Bodily injury liability — Covers damages due to injury sustained by someone that the insured person is legally obligated to pay. These damages can include medical expenses, lost wages, and legal fees, as well as pain and suffering.
  • Property damage liability — Covers damages the insured person is legally obligated to pay, including repairing the other party's vehicle and other property damage to objects such as buildings, fences, and signal lights.

Liability Insurance Coverage Limits

Unlike other auto insurance coverages — e.g., collision and comprehensive coverage — liability coverage doesn’t include an insurance deductible. The amount your insurer will pay for a liability coverage claim depends on the coverage limits you choose. Each state sets minimum coverage limits for bodily injury and property damage liability, which are generally written as three numbers, such as $25,000/50,000/15,000. Here’s what each number means:

  • Bodily injury per person ($25,000) — The maximum amount the insurer will pay for a single injury.
  • Bodily injury per accident ($50,000) — The maximum amount the insurer will pay per accident for all injuries.
  • Bodily injury per accident ($15,000) — The maximum amount the insurer will pay per accident in property damage.

Damages from even a low-impact collision can easily exceed mandatory liability auto insurance limits, so be sure to discuss what limits make sense for you with your local insurance agent.

How Much Does Liability Insurance Cost?

Multiple factors can affect how much your liability insurance will cost, including:

  • Location — Different states and regions have various insurance rates. For example, liability insurance tends to be more expensive in dense urban areas because of the higher risk of accidents.
  • Driving record — If you have a history of accidents or traffic violations, you might pay more than a driver with a clean record.
  • Coverage limits — If you choose a higher liability coverage limit, you’ll usually pay for a higher premium.
  • Vehicle type — Your vehicle’s make, model, and year can affect your rate. For example, luxury cars tend to be more expensive to insure than economy cars.

What Does Liability Insurance Not Cover?

Here are some examples of what liability insurance doesn’t cover:

  • Your vehicle’s repair costs — Liability insurance usually doesn’t cover the costs to repair damages to your vehicle following an accident, but collision protection does. Also, liability insurance doesn’t cover damages related to other factors, such as hail or falling objects. Comprehensive coverage handles those incidents.
  • Your medical bills — Liability insurance doesn’t cover any injuries you sustain after an accident. Depending on which state you live in, you may want to add medical payments coverage or personal injury protection to your policy.

Why Buy Liability Coverage?

In most states, it’s illegal to drive without at least the minimum amount of liability insurance. This ensures that if you’re at fault in a car accident, there’s some financial means to cover the other party’s damages and injuries. Liability insurance also gives you peace of mind, knowing that your assets are protected, and you won’t be in financial ruin trying to pay for the other party’s car repairs or medical bills.


Car accidents can be expensive, especially if the vehicles are badly damaged, or anyone is injured. Liability insurance financially protects you if you’re found responsible for causing the accident, ensuring the other party gets compensation for any bodily injuries or property damage. If you need help determining how much liability coverage you need, talk with a Mercury agent today, and they can customize an auto insurance policy that meets your needs.

Contact us for a fast, free quote today!

Mercury Team

The Mercury Marketing Team is made up of professionals in the fields of Content Creation, Public Relations and Social Media. The team works together to deliver professionally written and researched content to provide information for consumers.

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